Technical Articles

How is IP rating tested

In today's rapidly advancing technological world, electronic devices, particularly smartphones, have become an integral part of our lives. With this increasing dependence, protection from various elements such as water and dust has become a critical feature for these devices. The International Protection (IP) rating measures the level of protection offered by a device against these elements. In this article, we will delve into the testing process involved in determining the IP rating of a device.

The Ingress Protection (IP) rating system

The IP rating system provides a standardized measure of protection levels provided by electrical enclosures against solids and liquids. The IP code consists of two digits, with each digit signifying a specific degree of protection. The first digit ranges from 0 to 6 and represents the protection against solids, while the second digit ranges from 0 to 9 and indicates the level of protection against liquids.

Testing for solid ingress protection

The first digit of the IP rating indicates the level of protection against solids, including dust particles. To determine this rating, the device undergoes various tests. The most common test is the "dust chamber" test. In this test, the device is placed in a chamber where it is exposed to a controlled amount of dust particles for a certain period. After exposure, technicians examine and evaluate the device for any penetration or damage caused by the dust. The rating is then assigned based on the device's ability to resist dust ingress.

Testing for liquid ingress protection

The second digit of the IP rating signifies the level of protection against liquids, especially water. Similar to the test for solid ingress protection, a range of tests is conducted to determine the waterproof capability of a device. One of the common tests is the "water immersion" test. In this test, the device is submerged in water at varying depths and for specific durations. Technicians then inspect the device for any signs of water penetration or damage after each immersion. The IP rating for liquid ingress protection is determined based on the device's performance during these tests.


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