Technical Articles

Is Type 2 cable single or three phase?

Type 2 cables are commonly used for electric vehicle (EV) charging. They provide a connection between the EV and the charging station. In this article, we will discuss whether Type 2 cables are single or three-phase.

Understanding Single-phase Power

Single-phase power refers to an electrical system where there is a single alternating current (AC) waveform. It is commonly used in residential settings and for smaller commercial applications. Single-phase power has two wires - a live (or hot) wire and a neutral wire.

For Type 2 cables, the maximum current capacity for single-phase charging is typically 32 amps. This means that the cable can deliver up to 7.4 kW of power. Single-phase charging is suitable for most EVs, especially those with smaller battery capacities or lower charging requirements.

Exploring Three-phase Power

Three-phase power refers to an electrical system that provides three alternating currents with a phase difference of 120 degrees. It is commonly used in industrial and high-power commercial settings. Three-phase power has three live wires, usually denoted as L1, L2, and L3, along with a neutral wire.

Some advanced EVs support three-phase charging systems, which require Type 2 cables. These charging stations can deliver higher power levels, allowing for faster charging times. With three-phase charging, the maximum current capacity can reach 63 amps, delivering up to 43 kW of power to the EV.


In conclusion, Type 2 cables can be used for both single-phase and three-phase charging. The type of charging depends on the capabilities of the EV and the charging station. Single-phase charging is more common and suitable for most EVs, while three-phase charging is typically found in industrial or high-power commercial settings. It's important to consult the vehicle manual and the charging station specifications to ensure compatibility.


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